Spring 2017 Colloquium Series
This presentation focuses on the multiple meanings national borders are likely to endorse and the ambivalent effects they exert on border cities and regions.
First, I elaborate upon the concept of borders’ multiplicity and show how borders should not be reduced to a single function such as a barrier or an interface, but rather need to be conceived of as social constructions that endorse multiple meanings and generate ambivalent effects. I seek to highlight, in particular, in what ways borders may represent a resource, given their other potential roles, meanings and interpretations. Secondly, I present the results of an empirical study on the analysis of border effects on the performance of metropolitan areas in Europe.
Three research questions are investigated. First, to what extent does the proximity of a border impact the development of metropolitan functions in cities? Second, which aspects related to the border represent an advantage and which represent a disadvantage? Third, which European border metropolitan areas benefit the most from or are penalized by their proximity to a border? To answer these questions, a multi-dimensional conceptualization of border effects into four main factors is elaborated and empirically tested with the help of econometric modeling.
The ingredients have been converging from different directions for about two decades and coming together progressively faster.
First, it was the computational power that began to grow: Faster processing, more processing units, parallel computations, large scale system, supercomputers in large rooms, on your desk, in the cloud. Then, it was information that got denser: Sensors became cheaper and attribute measurements started flowing in from everywhere, about everything, and in increasing volumes; companies started connecting their customer information and grew an insatiable appetite analyzing everything to maximize profits.
Simultaneously, the facilitators brought things together and set off cooking: Existing knowledge and new techniques are employed to import, wrangle, and explore data; math and statistical methods and algorithms to analyze, categorize, optimize, and score data were drawn to the spotlight; programming languages rise and fall in popularity; people with skills to stir a smorgasbord of techniques and languages become highly-sought certified cooks. This large data orchestration was sparked inside the scientific community, and then discovered and fast blown into large proportions by corporate customers. Part-ignorance, part marketing led this technology movement to be baptized as science, aptly known as Data Science.
The above stew is currently brewing strong, while exploring new options, moving into different directions, and introducing new business models. This upcoming presentation aims to be a) an overview of current elements and trends in the world of Analytics that provides the fire for the stew, and b) a discussion with attendees to explore where the universe of Geography stands in these ongoing developments, and avenues/options to take advantage of new technologies and science.
This presentation will give an overview of some of my main research results, measuring greenhouse gas emission from Arctic tundra ecosystems in Alaska. First, the importance and impact of doing science in the Arctic will be discussed, along with the challenges of conducting research projects in these remote areas, and some of the key gaps in knowledge. Dr. Zona will also cover some of the most recent research directions that are addressing some of these knowledge gaps. She will also provide an idea of why it is important doing research in the Arctic, and how this acquired knowledge can impact society.
Dr. Kerr is a Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health at UCSD, Director of the REACH group (Research on Active Aging and Community Health), and Program Leader in Cancer Prevention at the Moores Cancer Center. Dr. Kerr’s research focuses on developing novel methods to objectively assess eating, physical activity and sedentary behavior in time and space using mobile sensors in order to better evaluate interventions that change how and where older adults are active. She has pioneered the use of SenseCams, GPS devices and machine learning methods to improve location and activity classification. She was named on Thomson Reuters World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds in 2015 and 2014.
Electronic health records (EHRs) from academic and community based health care systems are increasingly used for epidemiologic and health services research. The extent to which EHR-based findings can be generalized to the underlying source population is often unreported, and some question the representativeness of such patient populations. Evaluating such “external validity” of EHR-based research requires knowledge of how health care is delivered, and geographically exhaustive data to compare patients with the underlying general population. I will present recent work we conducted in an effort to evaluate the generalizability of the cancer patient population of a large northern California healthcare delivery system by leveraging a unique linkage with the California Cancer Registry and the use of GIS to describe patient characteristics across the service area.
Earthquakes, Hurricanes and Other Disasters: A View from Space
Ronald T. Eguchi
President and CEO, ImageCat
Opening New Doors with Industrial Drones
CEO, Action Drone
Technology and Applications of Remote Sensing in Precision Agriculture
Founder and CEO, SlantRange
Rebecca Morton is President and CEO of GeoWing Mapping, Inc., based in Oakland, California. She founded the company in January of 2015 with the goal of offering both traditional photogrammetric mapping services as well as services related to unmanned aircraft system (UAS). Ms. Morton is certified by ASPRS as a Mapping Scientist and as a Photogrammetrist. She has held numerous technical and managerial positions at leading US mapping firms. Rebecca is currently serving as President of ASPRS.
This presentation will provide a perspective on the technologies utilized and researched by ASPRS members in photogrammetry and remote sensing. Ms. Morton will discuss her own path in the industry and relate her experience with the various technologies that have evolved over the last 20 years.